When Europeans initially arrived in exactly what is now Georgia, the location was inhabited by Cherokee and Creek Indians. It is not specific who was the first European to visit Georgia, but it is possible that Juan Ponce de Leon (who named Florida) cruised along the coast. In any case, in the 16th century, both French and Spanish explorers visited the location and tried to establish colonies.
Britain and Spain came into conflict over the area in the 1670s, when the new British colony of South Carolina started to encounter the Northern missionary provinces of Spanish Florida. The Spanish missionary provinces were ruined in 1704 by Yamasee Indians who were allied with the British, but the Yamasee were in turn annihilated in the Yamasee War of 1715 to 1716 and then left to Florida. This left the coast of Georgia depopulated, and the British fasted to exploit this with the establishment of a new nest and enormous migration start in the early 1730s.
During the American Revolution, Savannah was recorded by British and Loyalist forces. Georgia had an operating Loyalist government of the seaside areas, and stayed, with New York City, a Follower bastion until the end of the war.
Gold was found in the North of the state 1829, and this triggered a short gold rush and the establishment of a Federal Mint which continued to run until 1861. As an outcome of the arrival of white inhabitants, the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was passed, and all the Eastern Indian people, consisting of Georgia’s Cherokee population, was sent out West to Indian reservations in Oklahoma.
Georgia was a servant state, and seceded to sign up with the Confederate States of America throughout the American Civil War (1861 to 1865). During the Civil War, Georgia was the scene of lots of fights, Atlanta was burned to the ground, and the state was also the scene of General Sherman’s March to the Sea (which obviously forms the background setting to Opted for the Wind).
Throughout the civil rights duration, Georgia was an essential battleground. The state guv Marvin Griffin pleding to safeguard racial segregation “come hell or high water”, however other Georgians worked for civil rights, the latter group consisting of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the campaigning editor of the Atlanta Constitution, Ralph Emerson McGill.